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Web servers

Understanding Linux partitions

On a typical Linux server, the hard drive will be divided into partitions. It is very important to know what the main partitions are and what they do. / – Known as the root partition, this is where all of the system files belong. You will find /usr, /lib, /etc, …

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Database management with MySQL Workbench

MySQL is one of the most popular databases for web servers. The MySQL website offers a free download of MySQL Workbench, a GUI database management program. I decided to download it and give it a try. It is available for Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X, and several versions of Linux. …

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Open source vs proprietary servers

Open Source typically refers to software that has code released under some type of free software license (GPL, BSD, Apache, etc.). Users and developers have access to the source code and can modify and redistribute it. Proprietary software usually means the source code is closed and/or the EULA (end user …

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How to redirect a specific IP address

Question: How do I redirect every visitor to my website except for me? Answer: There are two methods you can use to accompany the results you want and both involve using an .htaccess file. The first is to redirect your site’s visitors with standard Apache directives: ErrorDocument 403 http://www.yourdomain.com Order …

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Forcing a browser to prompt to save certain files

Question: I am distributing sensitive forms to my clients and want to make sure they download them rather than opening them in their browser. Is there a way to force the web server to prompt them for download rather than using a browser plugin? Answer: Yes, using .htaccess you can …

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Quad-Core vs Dual-Core servers

Many web hosts are proudly offering servers with single quad-core processors or with two dual-core processors. While they certainly sound impressive, are there actual benefits? Does a quad-core system deliver better results than a dual-core of the same processing speed? The truth is that it depends on what the server’s …

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Scripting language roundup

Every website has code. HTML code is the backbone of the Web, but for more advanced features on a website and especially for web applications, you need a good scripting language. Here are a few, some basic, some more complex that are free for Linux servers: Javascript – Built into …

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How to rename multiple files in Linux

The ability clusters of files is a handy skill to have when running a dedicated server or VPS, and in some cases, it is absolutely necessary. For example, if you ever need to migrate from one server to another or from one software/application system to another, you might need to …

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Linux server dependencies

Question: What are dependencies in Linux and how do I manage them? Answer: In any operating system, an program requires other programs, drivers, and libraries of files to run. The program depends on those files, so they are called dependencies. Many commercial vendors will packages the dependencies in the installation …

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