services – Internetblog.org.uk https://www.internetblog.org.uk Web hosting, Domain names, Dedicated servers Fri, 29 Jan 2016 11:05:52 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=4.9.5 https://www.internetblog.org.uk/files/2016/01/cropped-favico-32x32.png services – Internetblog.org.uk https://www.internetblog.org.uk 32 32 How to Restart Services on a Windows Server https://www.internetblog.org.uk/post/1435/how-to-restart-services-on-a-windows-server/ Wed, 16 Jun 2010 14:33:57 +0000 http://www.internetblog.org.uk/post/1435/how-to-restart-services-on-a-windows-server/ Windows Server 2008 screenshot
Services are memory resident programs that normally run constantly, as long as your server is on. Programs like your web server, database server, DNS system, and others are all services that start at boot time and continuing running at all times.

Whenever you change configuration for a service or need to reinitialize it, you should perform a service restart. This is much more convenient than what people normally do with desktop computers, which is to restart the entire system. On a server, you want to keep the server running and just restart the necessary service. This is a much faster and less invasive solution.

To restart a service, you can use the “net” command to stop it and then start it again: “net stop service” followed by “net start service”. For example, if you want to restart DNS, the commands would be:

net stop dns
net start dns

That is all it takes for basic restarting of Windows services. For more information on advanced tasks consult your Windows Server documentation.

Photo Source: Flickr

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Web Hosting Advertising Options https://www.internetblog.org.uk/post/1359/web-hosting-advertising-options/ Mon, 24 May 2010 16:34:15 +0000 http://www.internetblog.org.uk/post/1359/web-hosting-advertising-options/ Google ad links
Regardless of what type of website you are creating, you have spent time and money getting the domain, web hosting account, and web development. In the ideal world, that would be enough, but the reality is that none of those components will get people to your website. For that, you need good advertising.

Many companies, including Google and Yahoo, offer ad services that will place promotional links or image ads about your website on other websites and in search engines, but making your site marketable is more involved. A good web hosting company will provide advertising services as part of some or all of its hosting packages.

You should only pay for results. In other words, paying a monthly fee for advertising that does not actually work is pointless. A good plan will give you flexible payment options, help you build target audience profiles, and provide you with tracking tools to make sure you are reaching those audiences. Although it is not the primary function of a web host, having these advertising services available is a definite plus.

Photo Source: Flickr

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Managing bootup services on Linux servers https://www.internetblog.org.uk/post/929/managing-bootup-services-on-linux-servers/ Wed, 27 Jan 2010 19:40:01 +0000 http://www.internetblog.org.uk/post/928/managing-bootup-services-on-linux-servers/ Redhat logoQuestion: Which Linux services should be enabled at boot on a server?

Answer: Most Linux distributions come with more than what you need. They are designed to not only work on servers but also desktop computers, laptops, netbooks, and in some cases, even smaller mobile devices like phones. Because of this there are sometimes numerous services running that you may not need. Similarly, there might be special server-oriented services that you will want to enable.

Security is also an issue. In the past we covered X.org and why it is a bad idea to have it running on a server. There are other services like X.org that might be good for the desktop but are superfluous on a server. The first thing to do is to find out which services are currently running. Execute the following commands:

#service --status-all
#chkconfig --list | grep '3:on'

You can read the rest of the steps in tis process at nixCraft. Everything in the complete how-to article will cover CentOS, Fedora, and Redhat Enterprise Linux.

Source: nixCraft

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Disable unused services on your server https://www.internetblog.org.uk/post/888/disable-unused-services-on-your-server/ Fri, 15 Jan 2010 13:40:07 +0000 http://www.internetblog.org.uk/post/887/disable-unused-services-on-your-server/ CentOS Services setup
Unused services may seem like a non-issue, but they cause your server to take longer at boot, and they eat up RAM that could be used for critical services. This is a cross-platform issue, so Linux, Windows, BSD, and Solaris servers could all potentially have unused services running in the memory.

For example, Linux distributions and Mac OS X often come with CUPS enabled, but if you are using your box as a web server, CUPS, a printing server, is not something you need. Other unused services might include X.org (a graphical window server), bluetooth, hplip (another printing server), nfs (network file system), and many others. Find out what services you are not using and will not need and disable them.

To disable services from starting at boot in Redhat Enterprise Linux, CentOS, and Fedora, become root:

su

and type from the command line:

setup

Scroll down to “System Services” and then remove the star from any of the services you do not need. Tab to “OK”, press Enter, and then tab to Quit and press Enter.

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The Mysterious User Named Nobody https://www.internetblog.org.uk/post/574/574/ Tue, 13 Oct 2009 20:56:32 +0000 http://www.internetblog.org.uk/post/574/574/ question mark person
Question: Who is “nobody”, and why is he running so many programs on my server? Am I being hacked?

Answer: On a Linux-based dedicated server, every application must be run by a particular user. On a desktop system, programs are usually either run by the local user or the system. Anything that runs as a local user typically has very basic permissions, often not enough to access directories outside of /home. The alternative, however, is to run a program as root.

If something runs as root, it has complete access to everything, even directories and other programs that it has no need to use. What results is a serious security concern. To remedy this, many Linux distributions will run major services, particularly ones that access the network, as a third user. On most systems, that user is called “nobody”

“Nobody” does not have its hand completely tied like a local user, but it also does not have the sweeping permissions of root. Instead, it functions only for the purpose of running whatever software is assigned to it. Furthermore, unlike the basic local user or root, “nobody” does not have a password. Would-be attackers can never login as “nobody”. Therefore, rest assured. Not only is “nobody” not a threat, he is actually keeping your server safe.

Photo Source: Flickr

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Understanding Linux Services https://www.internetblog.org.uk/post/564/understanding-linux-services/ Fri, 09 Oct 2009 20:23:26 +0000 http://www.internetblog.org.uk/post/564/understanding-linux-services/ Linux booting
In a Linux-based operating system, a service is a program that can be executed at startup and run in the background. The user can also execute it at any time from the command line. On a Linux dedicated server, services are very important, as most of the critical applications are run in this manner.

In most Linux distributions, services are found in /etc/init.d. To find out what commands can be executed for a given service, such as rsync, simply login as root and enter the following:

/etc/init.d/rsync

It will respond telling you how you can use it:

Usage: /etc/init.d/rsync {start|stop|reload|force-reload|restart|status}

Therefore, to start rsync, you would enter:

/etc/init.d/rsync

In Redhat Enterprise Linux, CentOS, and Fedora, you can run the following:

su - [then enter the root password] service rysnc start

You can apply the same formula to any service, such as apache (httpd) or sendmail, but be sure you know which services you are enabling or disabling before you try them.

Photo Source: Flickr

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Choosing the best host for your money https://www.internetblog.org.uk/post/538/choosing-the-best-host-for-your-money/ Thu, 01 Oct 2009 18:21:54 +0000 http://www.internetblog.org.uk/post/537/choosing-the-best-host-for-your-money/ Graph
Question: How do I choose an inexpensive but reliable web hosting provider?

Answer: Fortunately, there are boatload of people with your dilemma. Some of them have created websites that specialize in rating and reviewing hosts. You can also check the web host uptime to make sure they deliver on their promises.

Another important aspect to consider is the services offered. A web host might offer 99.999% uptime and amazingly low prices but might not have the services you need. Will you need shared SSL and SSH access? Do you want a certain operating system, control panel, or quick installation of certain applications? These are all points to think about when making what will hopefully be a long-term decision.

Finally, it does not hurt to look up the business you are going to pay for service, especially if you are about to enter a year-long deal. Investigate their business practices and claims against them. A web host that might look 100% legitimate may not even be in the country you think it is in. Do not be afraid to ask the tough questions either. In the end you are the customer, and the customer should be completely satisfied.

Photo: SXC

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HostingCon: DemoWolf Releases 217 New Tutorials https://www.internetblog.org.uk/post/385/hostingcon-demowolf-releases-217-new-tutorials/ Thu, 13 Aug 2009 12:49:47 +0000 http://www.internetblog.org.uk/post/385/hostingcon-demowolf-releases-217-new-tutorials/ DemoWolf
DemoWolf is a web hosting tutorial provider that offers a wide range of tutorials on all types of hosting services and software. Their tutorials include: control panels (such as Cpanel and H-Sphere), PayPapl, PuTTY, Photoshop, DNS, FTP, phpMyAdmin, Drupal, Joomla, and many others. The tutorials are flash-based, offering both text-based and voice narration.

The tutorials were all for end users and resellers, giving them guidance on their hosting accounts, but now, DemoWolf announced at HostingCon that they are adding Server Level tutorials for people setting up dedicated servers.

“We are excited to finally bring Server Level demos to market”, says Rob Moore, President and Founder of DemoWolf. “More and more customers have been asking us for these and we felt it finally reached a point where it made sense from a demand point of view to develop them. This opens a whole new area for tutorial development… expect future releases to include setting up Parallels servers, and root-level help with specific operating systems.”

The company also added new Joomla Voice demos, including setup, admin, extensions, and end-user tutorials. They offer 3,600 tutorials for web hosting companies, 1,500 of which are voice tutorials. Their language availability includes English, French, Spanish, Dutch, Greek, Brazilian-Portuguese, Czech, and Bahasia-Indonesian.

Source: HostSearch

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Asia, Europe will ride the cloud faster, says Microsoft https://www.internetblog.org.uk/post/351/asia-europe-will-ride-the-cloud-faster-says-microsoft/ Tue, 04 Aug 2009 17:12:49 +0000 http://www.internetblog.org.uk/post/351/asia-europe-will-ride-the-cloud-faster-says-microsoft/ Windows Azure
According to Allison Watson, corporate vice president for Microsoft’s worldwide partner group — there is a mouthful — businesses in Asia and Europe seem to be more willing to adopt their Business Productivity Online Suite (BPOS) — another mouthful — faster than those in the U.S. This international market, Watson believes, is more conducive to a “digitally-connected environment”.

In recent months, cloud computing has raised some serious question marks with a number of high-profile outages by Amazon and Google. Nevertheless, the hype or reality, depending on your perspective, is growing unabated. Microsoft has added its hat into the pile with the announcement of Windows Azure, a cloud computing services platform.

Microsoft’s technology will essentially allow businesses to grow their own clouds and offer those services to their customers. Naturally, the company seems confident that this is a good thing and that companies in Europe and Asia are prime candidates for being their guinea pigs. Watson promises that SaaS (software-as-a-service) will bring Microsoft customers big revenue. Time will tell if that big revenue is accompanied with big headaches.

Source: ZDNet Asia
Photo: Flickr

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Search engine submission services https://www.internetblog.org.uk/post/216/216/ Fri, 26 Jun 2009 16:52:22 +0000 http://www.internetblog.org.uk/post/216/216/ major search engines
Many web hosting companies offer search engine submission services. It is important not to be mislead by claims and to evaluate the cost effectiveness of the services being offered. Generally speaking, there is a good chance a search engine that uses a crawler will index your site without the need to do anything. In many cases, if you do not want a page from your site to show up in search engines, you need to configure it to avoid them.

Because of this reality, a search engine submission service should include more than just basic submission. Good services will offer features such as periodic resubmissions (updating your new content) a meta tags generator (which drives traffic to your site), monthly reporting, keyword research, link popularity, ranking performance, statistical analysis and SEO (search engine optimization).

When choosing a service, you should assess exactly what it is you hope to accomplish, how much you are willing to invest in it and which features your site needs. The way you would approach the marketing of a blog is more participatory and very different from the promotion of a business site. It is important to know the difference and choose a service that can cater to your needs.

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